Rules and Regulations Of Handball

Handball consists of two teams with seven players each. A team is made up of six outfielders and a goalkeeper. In addition to the players on the court each team is allowed seven substitutes. The game is played indoors on a court 40 m long and 20 m wide, with a goal in the center of each end. Goals are surrounded by a semicircle line six meters from the goal. The area between this line and the goal is called the zone or crease. Only the goal keeper is allowed in the crease. However, players can jump over the line and play the ball while they are in the air. A dashed semi circle line nine meters from the goal indicates the free-throw line. There is also a line at half court. Each goal is three meters wide and two meters in height. A player scores a goal by throwing the ball into the opposing team’s goal. The team with the most goals after two 30 minute periods wins.

Field players are allowed to touch the ball with all parts of the body above the knee (including the knee). A player with the ball can only stand in place for three seconds and is allowed three steps with the ball. A player then must choose to dribble, pass, or shoot. Taking more than three steps results in a traveling violation and the ball goes to the other team. A player can dribble as much as he wants as long as his hand is on the top of the ball. After dribbling the player gets another three seconds or three steps. Dribbling again will result in a “double dribbling” violation. Other offensive infractions include, setting an illegal screen, charging, and carrying the ball into the crease.

The game begins with a throw-off, which takes place from the center of the court. During a throw-off, the thrower must touch the middle line with one foot and all of the other players must be in their team’s half. A throw-off occurs at the beginning of each period, and after the opposing team scores a goal. When the ball leaves play a throw-in is awarded to the team that did not touch the ball last. A free-throw, equivalent to a free-kick in soccer, restarts play after an interruption in play. A free-throw takes place at the spot of the interruption, unless it occurred within the nine meter free-throw line. In that case, the throw is moved to the nearest spot outside the free-throw line. Reaching around, holding, pushing, hitting, tripping, or jumping into opponent, as well as contact from the side, or from behind a player, are all considered illegal and subject to penalty.